Simple Hair care tips for Monsoon

The monsoon brings relief from scorching heat and makes weather so pleasant, yet one problem that almost everyone faces is sticky, itchy scalp and dry, frizzy hair. Here is how you can deal with it:

1. Itchy scalp:
Due to excess humidity, the scalp skin, just like your face skin, tends to get sticky.
– Do not oil your hair specially when you step out as this will attract dirt and fungus, leading to dandruff and scalp infections.
– Use a mild shampoo suitable for your hair type. You can shampoo even daily if needed. Gently wash off your scalp in under 2 mins.
– Concentrate on washing the scalp than the hair. The shampoo will run down over your hair and its enough to cleanse your hair.

2. Dry frizzy hair:
Hair tends to absorb water from humid air fast and becomes dry and difficult to manage.
-Apply good quality rinse off conditioner after shampoo is washed off.
-Take care to apply conditioner only on the hair and not scalp as it will make the scalp sticky.
– Keep conditioner on hair for a good 2-3 mins.
– Conditioner replenishes the hair with the moisture lost due to cleansers in the shampoo.
– If your hair feels dry and frizzy even after conditioner, then you can apply hair serum on towel dried hair. Hair serum is non sticky and will help give a glossy effect to hair.




Find your Skin type with a simple test

The choice of your skin care depends on the type of skin that you have. So, it’s very important that you know what type your skin is. There are ways of identifying your skin type, however, remember that skin texture changes according to the environment, your general health status and your age. Teens have the oiliest skin while elderly people have the driest skin.

Simple test:

After washing your face, wait for about 30 min to 1 hour. Then feel your facial skin.

1. Normal skin: Will still feel fresh and will not be greasy or stretchy.
2. Oily skin: Most people who are acne prone develop oiliness within 1 hour after washing their face. If you feel greasy or if your tissue paper shows oil blotting then clearly you have oily skin.
3. Dry skin: Feels dry, flaky and stretch right after washing. If the discomforts continues even beyond 30 mins then you have dry skin.
4. Sensitive skin: This is a special type of skin. Most people consider their skin to be sensitive which is not the case. Signs of sensitive are redness especially on the cheeks, intolerance to bright sunlight and most skin care products do not suit them easily. Your skin can be either dry sensitive or oily sensitive, though it is usually dry.
5. Combination type: The most common type. If you develop oiliness only on the forehead, nose and chin after 1 hour, then you have combination skin. A little tricky to deal with. In the next post, I will recommend the type of skin care needed for each skin type.

Few facts on Psoriasis that you need to know

Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory condition of the skin. It is caused by rapid formation of new skin on the body. Your skin undergoes continuous renewal process. Old skin usually sheds off within 28 days to reveal new skin. In psoriasis, the rate at which old skin sheds off is not altered but the new skin formation is 7 times faster, as a result of which skin keeps getting layered up; which is why psoriasis results in thick patches.


Few facts on psoriasis that you need to know:

1. Psoriasis is not an infection, hence does not get transmitted to others.
2. We do not know the absolute cause of psoriasis but we do know certain conditions like obesity, dry weather, smoking, stress and certain medications can aggravate or trigger psoriasis.
3. Psoriasis cannot be completely cured but can certainly be controlled by medical treatment.
4. We cannot predict the course of psoriasis in any given patient. Sometimes psoriasis can go away and never come back. At other times it comes and goes with a nonspecific interval.
5. It is seen in family members also but whether it is hereditary or not, is not an established fact.
6. There is definitely a gene defect in people who suffer from psoriasis.
7. Psoriasis does not lead to skin cancers.
8. Psoriasis can occur in age group and can affect any part of the body. Mostly affects skin, nails and joints. Sometimes psoriasis is limited to just one part of the body like scalp or palms and soles. These are localized forms. Other times, it may occur all over the body.
9. There is no effect of diet on psoriasis. Eating or avoid any particular foods will have no impact on the disease.
10. Do not get panicked if you see thick scaly patches appearing on your body. Sometimes fungal infections also present like psoriasis. Visit your dermatologist who will make the diagnosis for you.

6 Points to remember about Sunscreen Application

The single most important thing to delay ageing is sunscreen. Sunscreen also protects from sun rays induced allergy and tanning.

Sunlight contains UVA and UVB rays which account for 90% of photo-ageing. The ultraviolet rays lead to the formation of free radicals which breaks down collagen and elastic fibres present in skin; these are responsible for maintaining the integrity and smoothness of your skin. Over a period of time, due to everyday sunlight exposure, these break down pre-maturely and hence lead to formation of wrinkles, open pores and sagging of skin. Sunlight also leads to formation of melanin in excess which leads to spots such as freckles and age spots.

However, one can delay the process of ageing just by application of a good quality sunscreen of at least SPF 30.

Some points to remember about a sunscreen application:

1. Apply at least before 20-30 mins before stepping out as it takes time for the sunscreen to penetrate the skin in order to start working.
2. Apply a generous amount so that your face skin is covered completely. Apply ok your hands also to avoid tanning.
3. Do not massage it in. Instead, use gentle patting movement and spread it using your fingers only. If you feel that you have applied too much, wait for 2 mins and then dab off excess using a tissue paper.
4. Reapply if you are out in the sun for more than 2 hours; as the effect of sunscreen wears off slowly.
5. Always wash off sunscreen before going to bed.
6. Even on a cloudy day, apply sunscreen. Remember, the UV rays penetrate through the clouds; and even though you may not feel the warmth of sun, the UV rays continue to damage your skin.

Ways to decrease Body Odour

Your sweat is actually odor-less! It’s the bacteria on the body which breaks down the sweat into smelly particles.

Ways to decrease body odor:

1. Take showers twice daily, specially wash the under-arms, in between the thighs and under the breasts (for women) with an antibacterial soap. Avoid using anti-bacterial soaps for rest of body as it causes dryness.
2. Wear cotton inner wear and cotton clothes. Synthetic clothing helps to retain the sweat on the skin and encourages bacteria to multiply. Also, avoid repeating same clothes. Sweaty clothes contain bacteria, which will nullify your bath as soon as you put them on and will cause rapid multiplication of bacteria on your skin.
3. Anti-perspirant or deodorants?
Anti-perspirant helps in controlling sweat and deodorants just mask the smell. Depending on how much you sweat and how severe is your body odor, you can decide between the two. Anti-perspirants help to keep your under-arms feel fresher for longer duration.
4. Drink more water if you sweat too much, to replenish your body so that you do not get dehydrated.
5. Certain foods like garlic, ginger and certain spices accentuate body odor. Though they are good for your health, you can reduce the intake and observe if it helps in reducing your odor.

How to choose your skin care product based on your skin type?

The type of product that you use depends on the type of your skin, which was covered in the last post. This is important for optimal results and so that the skin does not break out.

Normal skin:

  1. Lotion based moisturizers.
  2. Use toner only once in a while. Toners can dry out the skin so use occasionally.

Dry skin:

  1. Cream based moisturizers.
  2. No toner.

Combination skin:

  1. Use gel or lotion based moisturizer.
  2. Use toner only on T zone areas.

Oily skin:

  1. Usually no moisturizer needed but you can use gel based light moisturizer followed by gel based sunscreen.
  2. Use toner at the end of the day.

Sensitive Skin:

  1. Special moisturizers meant only for sensitive skin. Never experiment with your skin care products. If something suits you then stick with it.
  2. Toner to be completely avoided.

Are you getting bald at a young age?

A lot of young men suffer from early hair loss and balding. It’s distressing because balding can make a person look much older than they actually are. Hair treatments if begun early can arrest hair fall and induce new hair growth also. The hair root needs to get stimulated, while it is still active and alive. If the hair root is left unchecked for a long enough time, then it gets miniaturized or goes dead. No treatment done on dead hair root can bring it back to life.

Most common reason for hair fall in men is male pattern baldness, which is due to excess testosterone which gets converted to DHT (di-hydro testosterone). DHT in turn starts to shrink the hair follicles (hair roots) and over a period of time, when the hair follicle has completely shrunk, it becomes dead and will no longer regenerate new hair.

You need to start your treatment while you still have good number of hair and as soon as you notice excess hair fall. Do not wait until you have gone 60-70% bald. By then, it’s most often too late for conventional treatments to work and you will have to then opt for hair transplant. Visit your dermatologist as soon as possible and get treated.

Please be careful when you choose your hair care provider and do not fall prey to tall claims and false advertisements. One need not invest too much money to get their hair fall arrested at an early age.

Why Do Weight Loss Diets Don’t Really Work?

When trying to lose weight, do not crash your diet! That’s the worst thing that you can do and this will only hamper your long term weight loss plan. There are many diets which promise you instant/rapid weight loss. But do you know what you really lose? It’s just water and muscle mass!! Do not get fooled by what you see on the weighing scale. Do not fall for diets. Read on the explanation…

There is something called as ‘Resting Metabolic Rate’ or ‘Basal Metabolic Rate’ abbreviated as RMR or BMR. This is the rate at which your body burns calories normally, even when you are sleeping. The higher the BMR/RMR, the more fat loss occurs. Please do not confuse with BMI (Body Mass Index)

Your body needs a certain number of calories on daily basis, for normal functioning like breathing, digestion, purification (kidney and liver) and so on. When you drastically cut on your calorie intake, your body goes into ‘starvation mode’. Your body is pre-programmed to preserve fat in case there is scarcity of food. Body does not know that you are purposely trying to feed it less! Hence, your body will perform its functions using less calories and try to hold on to body fat even more dearly! BMR eventually crashes too and drastically reduces.

You will notice some initial weight loss, but that will be mostly due to muscle wasting. Muscle wasting is again the worst thing that can happen as it is a known scientific fact that the more muscle that you have, your body tends to burn more calories at resting level and you will have lesser fat. The more muscle mass that you have, higher will be your BMR. The opposite is also true, that lesser the muscle mass, lower the BMR. This is another reason why trainers always emphasize on weight training and encourage to build muscle.

Solution for losing weight by calorie reduction?

1. DO NOT CRASH YOUR CALORIE INTAKE SUDDENLY! Slowly, decrease your calorie intake every day.
2. Perhaps cut down on the evening snack that you have regularly.
3. Cut down on tea/coffee which contain excess sugars.
4. Stop the cola right away.
5. Cut down on dairy products.
6. Stick to your normal meals. If you have a tendency of eating in excess, then reduce your portions slowly.

Let the body get used to the decrease in calorie gradually. Eat frequently every 2-3 hours but low calorie foods. Try having more of proteins and reduce carbs for some time. Fats are essential too so have it in the form of almonds, walnuts, olive oil etc. If you can include exercise plan, it will boost your BMR further and help you reach your goals sooner.